November 14th every year is marked as International Diabetes Day. A day set aside to promote global awareness to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.
The theme of this year’s event is “EYES ON DIABETES” and is aimed at increasing public consciousness to the disease condition.
Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder which results in poor uptake and utilization of glucose in the human system.
It can occur as juvenile Diabetes (Type1) or Adult onset (Type2) Diabetes.
Currently, over 400million people in the world are living with Diabetes and 1 out of every 2 cases is yet undiagnosed. In Nigeria alone, more than 2 million individuals are diagnosed of this disease yearly and about 100,000 people die due to diabetes related complications.
Health experts believe that the upsurge in the incidence of Diabetes Mellitus is due to poor diets and sedentary lifestyles and therefore recommend improved diet and exercise as key in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease.
Diabetes can be treated and complications prevented if it is diagnosed early. This mandates the need for every individual to carry out blood glucose screening on a regular basis.
Here are some risk factors that may increase the chances of having diabetes
1. Poor Diet
6. Family History
7. Poor environmental conditions
8. Compromised immunity
Most prominently, consumption of diets containing very high amount of calorie has been associated with early onset of diabetes mellitus particularly in inactive individuals.
Against this backdrop, the World Health Organization has proposed an increase in the prices of sugary beverages with the believe that this will reduce their intake. And ultimately cut down on Obesity.
Studies have shown that Obese individuals have more than 55% chances of having DM. Hence global efforts are geared towards reducing Obesity through dietary/lifestyle modifications. This is called Dietary Approach to Stopping Obesity DASO.
With the current rise in the incidence of DM in Nigeria, all hands must be on deck to increase public awareness with regards to Disease prevention, Treatment and management.
It’s up to us
Trinity Health Care