Osteoporosis 

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​*DAN NUGGET 
*OSTEOPOROSIS*

Osteoporosis is the reduction in bone mass and disruption of bone architecture. It is an age-associated disease as bone loss are usually not seen until late adulthood. Nutritionally, it occurs due to poor gastrointestinal calcium/vit D absorption.
*RISK FACTORS*

– female gender: number of births and space between them. 

– Increasing age. 

– Underweight.

– Poor dietary CA and vit D intake. 

– Heavy alcohol / cigarette consumption.

– Long term dietary phosphorus deficiency (overuse of antacids).
*NUTRITION DIAGNOSIS*

Inadequate intake of calcium/ vit D related to poor dietary sources as evidenced by low BMD and DEXA results.
*REMEDY*

– Optimal diets with recommended levels of cal/vit D. 

– Reduced intake of sodium.

– Improve muscle-bone-building activities.

– Avoid mineral binding (cal, vit D, my & phos) medications.

– Treat inflammatory diseases.

*As much as possible, stay active! enjoy sunny mornings! and drink milk! As good nutritional habit is an investment into old age*
Good morning and have a smile filled day. 
*Patrick Chimezie Ogbonna, RDN*

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